How to choose the most suitable professional excavators?


professional excavators

How to choose the most suitable professional excavators?Given the wide variety of excavator types, sizes, features, and brands available today, choosing the right professional excavator model for your needs is crucial but also tricky. With the rapid development of digging depth, lifting capacity, and technology, as well as increasing costs, it is crucial to compare multiple options before choosing the best professional excavator for your project.

This guide will systematically cover the key factors when choosing the most suitable professional excavator to focus on.

  • Intended application
  • Dig into and improve the details
  • Engine power
  • Operator
  • Budget parameters
  • Brand comparison

In the end, you’ll clearly choose the best professional excavator based on your unique operational requirements and will be able to avoid mismatches or disappointments.

Types of professional excavators

First of all, in the category of professional excavators, there are three main types of excavation.

  1. Standard Excavator: Attaches the bucket arm to a two-part articulated arm for versatility. Best for general excavation tasks.
  2. Long-distance excavators: have elongated booms and booms to reach farther below the surface. Ideal for pipe or slope excavation.
  3. Demolition Excavator: Features a reinforced clamshell bucket and auxiliary boom.

Table 1 compares the operational capabilities across those three professional excavator types:

Excavator TypeDigging DepthMaterial HandlingPositioning Flexibility
StandardUp to 20 ftModerate loadsHigh maneuverability
Long ReachOver 30 ftLight loads onlyReduced mobility
DemolitionUp to 15 ftHeavy debrisAverage maneuverability

Digging Depth & Lifting Capacity

Two key specifications influencing professional excavator selection are:

1) Maximum Digging Depth

2) Maximum Lifting Capacity

Digging depth, measured from ground level to bucket tip at maximum vertical downreach, can span from 10 feet for compact models to over 65+ feet for specialty long reach excavators. Always factor adequate depth for your digging tasks.

In tandem, the lifting capacity Indicates the heaviest weight the excavator can safely hoist in tons, typically 4-12 tons for medium models but up to 50+ tons for giant mining excavators. Make sure rated capacity suits your loading needs.

Engine power

The engine horsepower (HP) in professional excavators usually ranges from 60 HP to over 750 HP for the most powerful models. Diesel engines from leading manufacturers including Caterpillar, Cummins or Volvo are common.

Bigger is not necessarily better when it comes to engine power. Balance digging/lifting requirements against operating costs. Overpowered engines waste fuel and cost more.

Comfort Features

professional excavators

Operating professional excavators is physically taxing. Ergonomic comfort features like adjustable seats, climate control or reduced noise/vibration cabinets make long shifts safer and more productive for operators.

Don’t ignore cabin design, visibility and controls when selecting your excavator. Operator fatigue leads to accidents and inefficiency.


Of course, available procurement budgets play a huge role in deciding which professional excavator models finally make the shortlist! Prices run from around $100,000 for compact excavators up to $1 million+ for mega mining excavators.

Additionally, reputable excavator brands inspire buyer confidence regarding after-sales backup support for service, repairs and spare parts supply. Shandong Buy Machine,Caterpillar, Hitachi, Volvo etc. lead the pack when it comes to reliability.


Evaluating the countless professional excavator options today can get bewildering. Start by introspecting about your projects’ specific excavation requirements including soil conditions, job site accessibility, operating hours per day and skilled staff availability. Only then analyze whether a standard, long-reach or demolition focused excavator model aligns best as per digging depth, lifting capacity, engine power and budget needs. Beyond technical specifications, emphasize picking reputable brands for long-term service support too during your decision process.


Q: What are the main professional excavator types and their differences?

A: The 3 types are standard excavators (most versatile), long reach excavators (deeper digging) and demolition excavators (reinforced, heavy-duty).

Q: What engine power range do most mid-sized professional excavators have?

A: The engine horsepower rating for mid-sized professional excavators usually falls between 100 HP to 300 HP.

Q: Should cabin comfort features be considered when choosing professional excavators?

A: Yes, a spacious, ergonomic cab with climate control and noise reduction helps operators work safely for long periods without fatigue.

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